Saturday, November 18, 2006

Jehovah restored in a 133 places
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In the few years spent as a PADI Dive instructor (Licence No. 188051), I learned the depth limits that must be adhered to. These limits pose safety parameters around all recreational dives. The maximum depth for Recreational diving is 133 feet below water, the extra 7 feet to 140 foot; is for emergencies only.
The following is extracted from the Jehovah's Witness New World Translation reference bible:
"
  • The 134 Changes

In 134 places the Jewish Sopherim (scribes) altered the original Hebrew text from YHWH to ´Adho·nai´. Gins.Mas, Vol. IV, p. 28, § 115, says: "We have seen that in many of these one hundred and thirty-four instances in which the present received text reads Adonai in accordance with this Massorah, some of the best MSS. and early editions read the Tetragrammaton, and the question arises how did this variation obtain? The explanation is not far to seek. From time immemorial the Jewish canons decreed that the incommunicable name is to be pronounced Adonai as if it were written אדני [´Adho·nai´] instead of יהוה [YHWH]. Nothing was, therefore, more natural for the copyists than to substitute the expression which exhibited the pronunciation for the Tetragrammaton which they were forbiden to pronounce."

Following is a list of these 134 places, according to Gins.Mas, Vol. I, pp. 25, 26, § 115:
Ge 18:3, 27, 30, 31, 32; 19:18; 20:4; Ex 4:10, 13; 5:22; 15:17; 34:9, 9; Nu 14:17; Jos 7:8; Jg 6:15; 13:8; 1Ki 3:10, 15; 22:6; 2Ki 7:6; 19:23; Ezr 10:3; Ne 1:11; 4:14; Job 28:28; Ps 2:4; 16:2; 22:30; 30:8; 35:17, 22, 23; 37:13; 38:9, 15, 22; 39:7; 40:17; 44:23; 51:15; 54:4; 55:9; 57:9; 59:11; 62:12; 66:18; 68:11, 17, 19, 22, 26, 32; 73:20; 77:2, 7; 78:65; 79:12; 86:3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12, 15; 89:49, 50; 90:1, 17; 110:5; 130:2, 3, 6; Isa 3:17, 18; 4:4; 6:1, 8, 11; 7:14, 20; 8:7; 9:8, 17; 10:12; 11:11; 21:6, 8, 16; 28:2; 29:13; 30:20; 37:24; 38:14, 16; 49:14; La 1:14, 15, 15; 2:1, 2, 5, 7, 18, 19, 20; 3:31, 36, 37, 58; Eze 18:25, 29; 21:9; 33:17, 20; Da 1:2; 9:3, 4, 7, 9, 15, 16, 17, 19, 19, 19; Am 5:16; 7:7, 8; 9:1; Mic 1:2; Zec 9:4; Mal 1:12, 14.

We restored the original reading in 133 places and rendered it as "Jehovah." The only exception is Ps 68:26, where BHK and BHS already have the Tetragrammaton.—See Ps 68:26 ftn, "Jehovah."
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Eight Other Changes

According to Gins.Int, pp. 368, 369, in some instances the Jewish Sopherim substituted ´Elo·him´ for the Tetragrammaton. We restored the original reading in eight places and rendered it as "Jehovah," namely, in Ps 14:1, 2, 5; 53:1, 2, 4, 5, 6.
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Thus we restored the Tetragrammaton in the above 141 places and rendered it as "Jehovah."
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The following is also a further extract from the NWT bible:
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The Hebrew word ´Adho·nai´ without an additional suffix always refers to Jehovah God, denoting his sovereign power. Therefore, it is appropriate to render it as "Sovereign Lord." ´Adho·nai´ occurs 439 times in BHK and BHS. We have restored the original reading in 133 places where the original reading "Jehovah" was changed by the Sopherim to ´Adho·nai´. (See App 1B.) Therefore, this reduces from 439 to 306 the number of places where ´Adho·nai´ occurs. In these 306 places the New World Translation renders ´Adho·nai´ as "Sovereign Lord."
The expression ´Adho·nai´ Yehwih´, "Sovereign Lord Jehovah," is found 285 times in BHK and BHS, namely, in Ge 15:2, 8; De 3:24; 9:26; Jos 7:7; Jg 6:22; 16:28; 2Sa 7:18, 19, 19, 20, 22, 28, 29; 1Ki 2:26; 8:53; Ps 71:5, 16; 73:28; Isa 7:7; 25:8; 28:16; 30:15; 40:10; 48:16; 49:22; 50:4, 5, 7, 9; 52:4; 56:8; 61:1, 11; 65:13, 15; Jer 1:6; 2:22; 4:10; 7:20; 14:13; 32:17, 25; 44:26; Eze 2:4; 3:11, 27; 4:14; 5:5, 7, 8, 11; 6:3, 3, 11; 7:2, 5; 8:1; 9:8; 11:7, 8, 13, 16, 17, 21; 12:10, 19, 23, 25, 28, 28; 13:3, 8, 8, 9, 13, 16, 18, 20; 14:4, 6, 11, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 23; 15:6, 8; 16:3, 8, 14, 19, 23, 30, 36, 43, 48, 59, 63; 17:3, 9, 16, 19, 22; 18:3, 9, 23, 30, 32; 20:3, 3, 5, 27, 30, 31, 33, 36, 39, 40, 44, 47, 49; 21:7, 13, 24, 26, 28; 22:3, 12, 19, 28, 31; 23:22, 28, 32, 34, 35, 46, 49; 24:3, 6, 9, 14, 21, 24; 25:3, 3, 6, 8, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16; 26:3, 5, 7, 14, 15, 19, 21; 27:3; 28:2, 6, 10, 12, 22, 24, 25; 29:3, 8, 13, 16, 19, 20; 30:2, 6, 10, 13, 22; 31:10, 15, 18; 32:3, 8, 11, 14, 16, 31, 32; 33:11, 25, 27; 34:2, 8, 10, 11, 15, 17, 20, 30, 31; 35:3, 6, 11, 14; 36:2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 15, 22, 23, 32, 33, 37; 37:3, 5, 9, 12, 19, 21; 38:3, 10, 14, 17, 18, 21; 39:1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 17, 20, 25, 29; 43:18, 19, 27; 44:6, 9, 12, 15, 27; 45:9, 9, 15, 18; 46:1, 16; 47:13, 23; 48:29; Am 1:8; 3:7, 8, 11, 13; 4:2, 5; 5:3; 6:8; 7:1, 2, 4, 4, 5, 6; 8:1, 3, 9, 11; 9:8; Ob 1; Mic 1:2; Zep 1:7; Zec 9:14.
The expression Yehwih´ ´Adho·nai´, "Jehovah the Sovereign Lord," is found five times in BHK and BHS, namely, in Ps 68:20; 109:21; 140:7; 141:8; Hab 3:19.
The expression ´Adho·nai´ Yehwih´ tseva·ohth´, "Sovereign Lord, Jehovah of armies," is found 16 times in BHK and BHS, namely, in Ps 69:6; Isa 3:15; 10:23, 24; 22:5, 12, 14, 15; 28:22; Jer 2:19; 46:10, 10; 49:5; 50:25, 31; Am 9:5.
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  • 133 places - an exact number to be sure!
Almost biblical
Keep on the look for the recurrence of 33 and it's variants...
Revelation 3:3
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3 Therefore, continue mindful of how you have received and how you heard, and go on keeping [it], and repent. Certainly unless you wake up, I shall come as a thief, and you will not know at all at what hour I shall come upon you.
"
Ja'Son @ 333
- End Part 3 -

1 Comments:

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Sunday, November 26, 2006 5:51:00 AM  

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